docker compose cheatsheet

December 06, 20192分钟阅读

个人 docker-compose 笔记

Basic config example

# docker-compose.yml
version: '3'

services:
  web:
    build: .
    # build from Dockerfile
    context: ./Path
    dockerfile: Dockerfile
    ports:
      - '5000:5000'
    volumes:
      - .:/code
  redis:
    image: redis

Common commands

# Starts existing containers for a service.
docker-compose start

# Stops running containers without removing them.
docker-compose stop

# Pauses running containers of a service.
docker-compose pause

# Unpauses paused containers of a service.
docker-compose unpause

# Lists containers.
docker-compose ps

# Builds, (re)creates, starts, and attaches to containers for a service.
docker-compose up

# Stops containers and removes containers, networks, volumes, and images created by up.
docker-compose down

Config file reference

Building

web:
  # build from Dockerfile
  build: .
  # build from custom Dockerfile
  build:
    context: ./dir
    dockerfile: Dockerfile.dev
  # build from image
  image: ubuntu
  image: ubuntu:14.04
  image: tutum/influxdb
  image: example-registry:4000/postgresql
  image: a4bc65fd

Ports

ports:
  - '3000'
  - '8000:80' # guest:host
# expose ports to linked services (not to host)
expose: ['3000']

Commands

# command to execute
command: bundle exec thin -p 3000
command: [bundle, exec, thin, -p, 3000]

# override the entrypoint
entrypoint: /app/start.sh
entrypoint: [php, -d, vendor/bin/phpunit]

Environment variables

# environment vars
environment:
  RACK_ENV: development
environment:
  - RACK_ENV=development

# environment vars from file
env_file: .env
env_file: [.env, .development.env]

Dependencies

# makes the `db` service available as the hostname `database`
# (implies depends_on)
links:
  - db:database
  - redis

# make sure `db` is alive before starting
depends_on:
  - db

Other options

# make this service extend another
extends:
  file: common.yml # optional
  service: webapp
volumes:
  - /var/lib/mysql
  - ./_data:/var/lib/mysql

Advanced features

Labels

services:
  web:
    labels:
      com.example.description: 'Accounting web app'

DNS servers

services:
  web:
    dns: 8.8.8.8
    dns:
      - 8.8.8.8
      - 8.8.4.4

Devices

services:
  web:
    devices:
      - '/dev/ttyUSB0:/dev/ttyUSB0'
services:
  web:
    external_links:
      - redis_1
      - project_db_1:mysql

Hosts

services:
  web:
    extra_hosts:
      - 'somehost:192.168.1.100'

Network

# creates a custom network called `frontend`
networks: frontend:

External network

# join a preexisting network
networks:
  default:
    external:
      name: frontend

References

Based off cheatsheet from https://devhints.io/docker-compose.

转载自 https://gist.github.com/jonlabelle/bd667a97666ecda7bbc4f1cc9446d43a